passion

In NT studies the reference is to the sufferings and death of Jesus, and the Passion Narratives cover the whole period from the Last Supper (Mark 14), the arrest, the trial [[➝ trial of Jesus]], the crucifixion, and the burial, as recorded in the four gospels; but the only actual mention of Jesus' ‘passion’ or ‘suffering’ (NRSV) is in Acts (1:3).
The four narratives reveal a tendency to diminish Pilate's [[➝ Pilate, Pontius]] responsibility for the execution of Jesus, at the expense of the Jewish authorities. It is held that this development reflects the situation of the Church after 70 CE in its relationships both to the Roman Empire and to Judaism. It was desirable for the Church not to appear subversive in the Empire; it was also imperative to establish the claims of the predominantly gentile [[➝ Gentiles]] Christian community as the covenant people who had superseded the Jews. The view, however, that Jesus died by stoning, the Jewish method of execution (Lev. 24:14), is implausible; the crucifixion (the Roman penalty) is far too strongly attested.
Matt. (27:24–5) introduces the action of Pilate asserting his blamelessness by washing his hands, while the Jews exclaim that they are willing for the blood of Jesus to be on them and their descendants. In Luke, who has an additional trial scene, before Herod, Pilate three times protests Jesus' innocence, and the centurion at the cross repeats this (Luke 23:47). In John (19:12) Pilate says he intends to release Jesus, and is only frustrated by the threats of the Jews to delate him to Rome. But the acme of Pilate's career in Christian exculpation was achieved when he was canonized by the Coptic Church, which commemorates his martyrdom on 25 June.

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  • PASSION — On note avec étonnement la quasi disparition du terme passion dans le vocabulaire de la psychologie contemporaine, qui utilise bien plus volontiers les concepts de tendance, d’affect ou de pulsion. La notion ne figure même pas à l’index de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Passion — Pas sion, n. [F., fr. L. passio, fr. pati, passus, to suffer. See {Patient}.] 1. A suffering or enduring of imposed or inflicted pain; any suffering or distress (as, a cardiac passion); specifically, the suffering of Christ between the time of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • passion — n 1 suffering, agony, dolor, *distress, misery Analogous words: *trial, tribulation, cross, visitation, affliction 2 *feeling, emotion, affection, sentiment Analogous words: inspiration, frenzy: *ecstasy, raptur …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • passion — pas·sion / pa shən/ n: intense, driving, or overpowering feeling or emotion; esp: any violent or intense emotion that prevents reflection see also heat of passion Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Passion — Sf Leidenschaft; Darstellung der Leidensgeschichte Christi erw. fremd. Erkennbar fremd (14. Jh.) Entlehnung. Im Mittelhochdeutschen (mhd. passiōn m., passie) entlehnt aus kirchen l. passio ( ōnis) Leiden Christi , aus spl. passio ( ōnis) Leiden,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • passion — [pash′ən] n. [OFr < LL(Ec) passio, a suffering, esp. that of Christ (< L passus, pp. of pati, to endure < IE base * pē , to harm > Gr pēma, destruction, L paene, scarcely): transl. of Gr pathos: see PATHOS] 1. a) Archaic suffering or… …   English World dictionary

  • passion — (n.) late 12c., sufferings of Christ on the Cross, from O.Fr. passion, from L.L. passionem (nom. passio) suffering, enduring, from stem of L. pati to suffer, endure, from PIE root *pei to hurt (Cf. Skt. pijati reviles, scorns, Gk. pema suffering …   Etymology dictionary

  • Passion — Passion: Das seit mhd. Zeit bezeugte Substantiv (mhd., mnd. passie, später mhd. passiōn) erscheint zuerst mit der auch heute noch üblichen Bedeutung »Leiden‹sgeschichte› Christi«. Dazu stellen sich Zusammensetzungen wie »Passionszeit« und… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • passion — [n1] strong emotion affection, affectivity, agony, anger, animation, ardor, dedication, devotion, distress, dolor, eagerness, ecstasy, excitement, feeling, fervor, fire, fit, flare up, frenzy, fury, heat, hurrah, indignation, intensity, ire, joy …   New thesaurus

  • Passion — Pas sion, v. i. To suffer pain or sorrow; to experience a passion; to be extremely agitated. [Obs.] Dumbly she passions, frantically she doteth. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • passion — ► NOUN 1) very strong emotion. 2) intense sexual love. 3) an outburst of very strong emotion. 4) an intense enthusiasm for something. 4) (the Passion) the suffering and death of Jesus. DERIVATIVES passionless …   English terms dictionary

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